The financial transactions that take place outside of a nation's borders are examples of what are known as "cross-border financing." The term "cross border financing" refers to a variety of different financial arrangements, including letters of credit, loans from beyond the borders, bankers acceptances, and repatriable income.
Exactly what does "cross-border financing" mean?
Companies' internal cross-border finance may become overly complex as a result of the taxation and potential complications associated with any inter-company credit that crosses international borders. This typically occurs when a financial institution, such as a bank, lends money to the borrower.
Large multi-national corporations typically employ a group of tax experts, accountants, lawyers, and other professionals who can determine the most tax-efficient approach to dealing with activities involving international financing.
Foreign finance is fraught with danger due to political and currency fluctuations. Loan terms will be more difficult to negotiate for a favourable rate if they are not structured with an eye on the risks that may develop from a variety of circumstances. It's possible that the impending elections and a shift in political ideology will render the agreement null and worthless.
While banks still account for the vast majority of international debt capital and loan market transactions, expanding private credit borrowers have made significant contributions to the worldwide supply of credit. Since the housing market crash of 2008, the United States' bond and loan markets have been thriving. Because of this, they are now able to provide loans to borrowers from other countries at rates that are extremely affordable.
Why it's Crucial to Have cross-border financing
Many multinational companies have recently shifted their financing strategies to include foreign-based loans rather than traditional debt. Because of this change, previously available international funding options, such as covenant-lite loans, are now unavailable. When compared to conventional lending restrictions, the leniency offered by these loans is a godsend for borrowers.
Since many multinational corporations now have overseas branches in a wide variety of countries, a growing number of them are turning to international funding. If a company wants to maximise its global expansion, it should prioritise securing cross-border finance over alternative financing choices.
Do you want to work in accounting and finance, are you already working and want to move up in your career, or simply want to change careers?
Here at Ujuzingo, we're all about helping accounting and finance professionals succeed in their careers. We offer certification courses, career guidance and job openings to help you get ahead in this industry. If you're interested, be sure to check them out!